What Is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disorder that afflicts the health of bones by making them very fragile. Due to this, even an insufficient physical load may provoke a bone break or fracture. Spine, hip, ribs, and wrist are the most frequent places where osteoporosis-induced fractures happen.
Any healthy bone is similar to a real network of honeycombs inside. There are some spaces inside this spongy bone tissue. Due to the availability of such spaces the bone tissue actually looks like a sponge. But when these spaces enlarge, the bones become much less dense and strong. The bone thinning and weakening occurs. The renewal of bone tissue can’t happen properly or doesn’t happen at all. And finally, osteoporosis develops.
This disease affects all people regardless of their age and gender. However, the older women are more susceptible to osteoporosis. According to the statistics, the number of people in the United States both suffering from this disorder and running a great risk of having it exceeds 53 million.
Race also has no influence on the probability of osteoporosis occurrence. However, postmenopausal older Asian and white women more frequently suffer from this medical condition.
At its very early phases, osteoporosis demonstrates virtually no manifestations. There can be nothing what could put you on the alert. People usually lose the bone mass and density gradually and quite slowly. It’s not a matter of a few days. And only within the course of osteoporosis development, a person may start experiencing the following symptoms:
- Back pain, arising due to a collapse or fracture of some spinal bone
- Height reduction for extended period of time
- Gum regression
- Curving of the back
- Poor grip strength
- Nail fragility
- Sudden fractures of unexplained nature
By the way, the unpredictable fractures, which may occur even when an individual is coughing or sneezing, is in fact the most serious symptom of osteoporosis. This symptom emerges even if a person gets enough vitamins and minerals with foods and over the counter weight loss pills.
This requires instant medical aid and adequate treatment.
Even if you feel no symptoms, indicating that osteoporosis is already your problem, but someone from your family suffered from it, you should consult a healthcare practitioner.
The doctor will check your health, study the medical history of your family, appraise your risks, and set a diagnosis if necessary.
What are the causes of osteoporosis?
A person may have weakness in the bones because of a large number of reasons and it is not always essential that the reasons are same in all the persons and some time even after going for the factors that can help in understanding what is osteoporosis and the effects a person may have to face in this disease. However there are a few reasons that are considered are highly responsible for causing this disease and some of the causes of Osteoporosis are
Definitely is definitely responsible for giving rise to a large number of diseases and this includes Osteoporosis as well. Smoke often kills the amount of calcium from the body of a person and this plays a significant role I giving rise to this disease. It is said that the weakness of the bones in many cases depends upon the factor that how much a person smoke in a day. Basically smoking is something that is considered as a calcium absorber as well as the killer of the tissues of the bones. The bone tissues are killed in a very large amount and when the tissues of the bones are killing the person’s face weak bone which is considered as Osteoporosis.
There are a large number of experts who says that when a person has the issue of Osteoporosis with him definitely the upcoming generations of the person have the same problem. Generally in case one parent has Osteoporosis then the probability is that their child has Osteoporosis however this is not always necessary but in the majority of cases it does. Sometime what happen is that the parents of a person don’t have this problem but his/her grandparents have and Osteoporosis originates in that person as well.
The body builders often make use of steroids in order to increase their body strength and size but actually the steroid acts as a calcium absorber and thus contributes in giving rise to this disease in the body. It is because of this reason it is highly recommended that if you are building the body and making use of testosterone boosters then definitely you have to focus on taking more calcium as well and in addition to this you are also advised to drink more and more water.
Just like smoking alcohol also widely contributes in giving rise to this disease and this is considered as one of the primary reasons for the Osteoporosis in a large number of people. When a person takes alcohol on a regular basis he/she can get affected by the Osteoporosis very easily and in a very short period of time. Basically avoiding the alcohol is not easy for any person and it has been said that when a person fails in avoiding the alcohol on time probably he/she face this problem for a long period of time in the life.
It must be noted that because women have a weak bone density than men and also the bone density of older people are also less. This is the leading factor that is responsible for having the most number of cases of Osteoporosis in women, so the question of what is osteoporosis is crucial for women.
Risk Factors for Osteoporosis
The doctors distinguish a range of risk factors which mean that a person has the higher chances of being affected with osteoporosis. These risk factors are as follows:
- Bing a woman, belonging to Asian and Caucasian race, having small and thin body frames as well as having a family history of osteoporosis sufferers. These are the most frequent risk factors for osteoporosis.
- Alcohol abuse, excessive caffeine intake, cigarette smoking, sedentary lifestyle, and calcium-poor nutrition
- Unsatisfactory overall health and nutrient-deprived everyday diet. This is yet not an impediment to the intake of high-quality OTC fat burners.
- Malabsorption, meaning that the absorption of consumed nutrients doesn’t occur in the digestive tract in a healthy way. This may be an outcome of celiac disease.
- Reduction of estrogen levels which may follow from menopause or be the consequence of ovary removal surgery. Chemotherapy used to treat breast cancer can also be a cause of dramatic estrogen decline and therefore provoke premature menopause.
- Amenorrhea, meaning the abnormal absence of menstruation in young women. This condition leads to the drastic estrogen drop and hence to osteoporosis. Such a condition may become a result of very furious workouts or substantial lake of fat tissue in the woman’s body.
- Chronic medical conditions like diabetes, liver infectious diseases, chronic hepatitis C, and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Immobility, especially the long-term one. It can be the result of a stroke and any other medical condition which makes people lose their ability to walk.
- Hyperthyroidism, meaning a disorder which is caused by the thyroid gland dysfunction. This medical condition develops when the thyroid gland synthesizes the excessive amount of thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland functioning can be impaired due to for example the intake of high dosages of thyroid hormone drugs and to the development of Grave’s disease. The use of all-natural over-the-counter HGH supplements is typically safe and can’t aggravate the situation.
- Hyperparathyroidism, meaning a medical condition that follows from the abnormally high activity of the parathyroid gland. In this case, this gland secrets the enormously high amount of parathyroid hormone. When the parathyroid hormone levels are within their normal range, they support the healthy balance between blood calcium concentration and bone calcium concentration. But if hyperparathyroidism develops and then is left unaddressed, too much parathyroid hormone contributes to calcium deprivation in bones. And this is what causes osteoporosis.
- Lack of vitamin D which is crucial for proper calcium absorption in the body. If vitamin D levels are very low, the healthy calcium absorption becomes impossible and osteoporosis develops.
- Intake of some medications can also result in osteoporosis. Among these medications, there are corticosteroids, phenobarbital, blood thinners, and seizure-fighting drugs.
Doctors Who Treat Osteoporosis
Once an initial diagnosis of osteoporosis is set, it’s necessary to consult a highly specialized doctor to determine an underlying condition that provokes osteoporosis. There are the following doctors who specialize on treating osteoporosis:
- Family physicians: They undergo vast training that covers internal medicine, pediatrics, and gynecology. They are engaged in a long-term, regular osteoporosis management and provide referral to other medical expert if needed.
- Internists: They focus on general internal medicine that treats a wide range of diseases. These doctors ensure both inpatient and outpatient treatment of osteoporosis. They also additionally consult the osteoporosis patients who receive treatment from the other specialists.
- Rheumatologists: These medical specialists are directly involved in treatment of joints, bones, tendons, and muscles. That’s why they often set a diagnosis and prescribe a treatment of osteoporosis. The rheumatologists also assist in determining the exact cause of this disease.
- Endocrinologists: Since these doctors cure hormone-induced medical conditions, they participate in curing metabolic diseases which include osteoporosis. They prescribe treatment for the prevention of bone loss and fractures. Also, the endocrinologists manage the osteoporosis risk factors.
- Gynecologists: They treat osteoporosis in women. These doctors estimate whether a particular woman faces a risk of osteoporosis due to her lifestyle habits and whether there is a probability of osteoporosis in the menopausal years.
- Physiatrists: The patients who suffer from severe manifestations of osteoporosis will take advantage from using the help of physiatrists. These doctors are engaged in rehabilitation medicine by creating the anti-osteoporosis exercise programs. There programs are responsible for the prevention and management of osteoporotic fractures and reduction of bone resorption rate.
- Orthopaedic surgeons: These doctors may perform the surgical procedures targeted at curing bone fractures related to the progression of osteoporosis as well as to other musculoskeletal diseases, infectious diseases, congenital skeletal defects, and metabolic disorders. The orthopaedic surgeons also provide the follow-up care and develop osteoporosis treatment strategy.