What Are Overweight and Obesity?
Overweight and obesity are actually the terms which mean unhealthy body weight. It substantially exceeds the weight, falling within the normal range. Overweight typically happens due to the accumulation of excess fat throughout the body. But at the same time, overweight can be a result of huge muscle mass gains, great bone density, and increased water retention. Obesity is almost always an outcome of the presence of abnormally high amount of fat in the body.
Body mass index (BMI) is a commonly accepted medical parameter used by the doctors to assess whether a particular individual has overweight and obesity or the body weight is normal. The BMI takes into consideration the body weight at a ratio of the body height. When BMI grows, the likelihood of overweight and obesity also takes an upturn. This is how the quantity of fat in the body is measured.
To calculate body mass index, the division of an individual’s body weight in kilograms by the square of body height in meters is performed. Thus, people whose BMI is somewhere between 25 and 30 are overweight. But once BMI is equal to 30 or higher, obesity is diagnosed.
It’s also possible to distinguish obesity categories, which fall into three classes. Class 1 means BMI from 30 to < 35; class 2 means BMI from 35 to <40; and class 3 means BMI from 40 and greater. The latter one is considered severe obesity which usually can’t be treated outside the medical settings.
Location of Excess Weight Makes a Difference
The very availability of enormously high amounts of fat and excess weight in the body is already a burning challenge that needs a solution. However, the situation may be even worse than it seems depending on the location of this extra weight and fat in the body.
Thus, if the excess fat is concentrated around the middle of the body, a person has an apple body shape and hence is more predisposed to the occurrence of weight-related health problems. If a person is an owner of a pear body shape where the fat deposits are mainly present around the hips, the probability of experiencing very serious medical conditions is lower.
So, the more waist size overpasses its normal range, the higher probability of dealing with health problems. That’s why the healthcare practitioners first off all perform the measurements of waist circumference in their patients in order to correctly appraise possible health risks and offer the best recommendations.
Health Risks of Being Overweight and Obese
Each human body requires a certain amount of fat for its normal functioning. Thus, the body uses fat for heat insulations, energy production, and maintenance of flawlessness of many bodily functions. However, when fat storages become to larger, the body weakens and starts being susceptible to many diseases. People who can’t prevent overweight and obesity before they turn into an urgent issue as well as people who can’t manage these conditions once they have already emerged run a high risk of developing the following medical disorders:
- Difficulty breathing
- Respiratory diseases
- High cholesterol levels
- Gallbladder disease
- Kidney disease
- Renal failure
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Some types of cancer
This is yet not the full list of the highly probable diseases which can occur as a result of overweight and obesity. One of the sure ways to effectively address this issue is to take the high-quality natural fat burners like PhenQ on a regular basis and strictly adhere to the other doctor’s recommendations. And you will soon definitely notice the improvements.
Role of Overweight and Obesity in Development of Gastrointestinal Diseases
There is plausible and persuasive scientific evidence that there is an interconnection between overweight or obesity and increased probability of gastrointestinal medical conditions’ development. This is how gastroenterology is also involved into managing obesity and overweight.
The availability of overweight and obesity not just raises the likelihood of gastrointestinal disease occurrence but also makes the course of a disease more exacerbated and decreases the efficacy of treatment methods. Due to this, the patients may experience the unsatisfactory overall health outcome that will require further long-term treatment with unpredictable results.
Such patients are also recommended to use the high-quality OTC appetite suppressants to enhance the treatment efficacy.
Also, the same interconnection was indicated between overweight/obesity and gastrointestinal diseases not only for adults but also for children. It means that there is a very burning demand not only for the application of highly promising therapeutic therapies but also for the fulfillment of preventive measures for infant, child, and adolescent overweight and obesity.
The increasing number of overweight and obese people is a challenging issue for the modern world. Overweight and obesity are fraught with the development of many abdominal conditions such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, heartburn, bloating. Also, there is a clinically confirmed link between obesity and inflammatory bowel disease, gastritis, gastric ulcers, pancreatitis, and even gastrointestinal cancer.
The Role of Overweight and Obesity in Cancer Development
According to the statistics provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, severe oncology problems are often related to overweight and obesity. Thus, cancers linked to overweight and obesity account for 40% of all cancer cases that have been diagnosed in the U.S. It means that no less than 630,000 people across the U.S. suffer from cancer induced by overweight and obesity. The rate of cancer development related to too excessive weight is only growing from year to year.
The majority of people are not aware about a very high risk of being affected with cancer because of their problems with body weight regulation. According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer, there are 13 cancers linked to overweight and obesity. They are the cancers of kidney, stomach, uterus, pancreas, colon/rectum, ovaries, liver, gallbladder, postmenopausal breast, and thyroid. The other cancer types are multiple myeloma, meningioma, and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
Most Common Causes of Overweight and Obesity
It’s possible to distinguish the following most distinctive causes that typically lead to overweight and then obesity:
- Physically inactive lifestyle
- Simple carbohydrate-rich nutrition pattern
- Genetic factors, for example leptin deficiency
- Intake of some medications contributing to enormous weight gain, headache, and other adverse effects
- Psychological issues like boredom, stress, anger, anxiety, depression, sadness
- Social problems
- Medical conditions like Prader-Willi syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, insulin resistance, and hypothyroidism
The less common reasons which may provoke the development of overweight and obesity include:
- Childhood body weight
- Hormonal fluctuations, mostly in women
Methods for Body Fat Measurements
BMI is a measurement that verges toward the percentage of fat available in the body. The process of calculating the body fat percentage is quite complicated and is frequently far from precise unless the rigorous monitoring techniques are applied. The application of such methods is impossible without specific equipment and professional specialists. They may be expensive or even used just in the research centers. These methods include:
- Hydrostatic weighing (underwater weighing): It’s a calculation of a person’s lean body mass and body fat based on a person’s underwater weight. This measurement features a high precision, even though it’s expensive.
- BOD POD: It’s in fact the ratio of fatty mass to lean muscle mass used for figuring out the body composition. It means that this method enables the researchers to measure both lean mass and fat mass. The latter one is comprised of the adipose tissue which is actually fat present in your body. The measurement is done in a special chamber that resembles an egg and is operated by a computer. If you sustainably use the all-natural testosterone boosters, your lean mass will grow.
- DEXA: This method implies the application of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry which finds out bone density in a particular person. X-rays indicate not just the amount of fat in the body. These rays also show the location of fat deposits and quite accurate percentage of fat, which though can be reduced due to the intake of over-the-counter diet pills.
There are still the easy-to-perform and direct methods used for determining the body fat percentage. They are as follows:
- Skinfold calipers: This method of fat percentage assessment is successfully applied for more than a half of a century. Skinfold caliper is a special metal device which appraises how thick is the subcutaneous fat, which is in fact the fat present right under the skin. The measurements are done in some specified parts of the body. There are from 3 to 7 such body locations. This measurement is sure to show the reduction in subcutaneous fat amount if you regularly take the high-quality non-prescription HGH supplements.
- Bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA): It’s possible to distinguish two types of BIA. The first type demands you to stand on a specific scale. And then a safe electrical current goes via the body to estimate how much fat is available in the body. A second type of BIA engages the placement of electrode on a wrist, on an ankle, on the right hand, and on the foot. The voltage between these electrodes is variable. And these variations are estimated in order to finally measure the percentage of fat in the body. At the very beginning of the application of this method, the results were quite changeable and ambiguous. But the utilization of the latest devices and most innovative techniques now allows the researchers get the precise results.
Are Weigh-for-Height Tables Effective for Diagnosing Overweight?
Since it’s not very easy to calculate the body fat percentage, the healthcare providers frequently use the other techniques to confirm depression induced obesity and other types of overweight and obesity. One of the most widespread methods is the use of weight-to-height tables. The use of such a table is extremely simple and doesn’t require any high-technology devices while quite clearly indicating the body weight issues.
The medical specialists apply the weight-to-height tables for many years as a method to figure out whether there is excessive weight in a certain person. Such tables provide possible weights for people with specified heights.
But the major issues with the application of such tables is the lack of common opinion among the healthcare experts concerning the choice of the most accurate weight-to-height table. There are a few options. And different medical specialist give preference to different tables. Thus, even the weight range may be not the same in various tables. Also, there are the tables which take into account gender, age, and an individual’s frame size.
A greatest drawback of the weight-to-height tables is the absence of opportunity to estimate whether a person has extra fat or sufficient muscle mass, which may be confused with fat and hence lead to diagnosing overweight.